In this blog, we are going to talk about Dharavi where are Indian funds? and why it is not developing? we are going to tell you everything about Dharavi.
What is Dharavi?
Dharavi is one of the largest slums in Asia and one of the densely populated areas in the world, it is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Dharavi has a total area of over 2.1 square kilometres and it has a population of over 1,000,000. The pin code of Dharavi is 400017.
It was founded in 1884 and it grew very much, the reason behind the growth of Dharavi was the government shifted the factories from the peninsular city centre to urban Mumbai. The migration of rural Indians to urban Mumbai was also a reason for the growth of Dharavi.
Problems faced by the people of Dharavi:
The people of Dharavi has suffered many epidemics, diseases natural disasters and it also resulted in the loss of many lives. The first plague that wreaked havoc on Dharavi came in 1896 and because of that plague nearly half of the population died.
In the next 25 years, many series of plagues and epidemics affected Dharavi and also Mumbai and it took many lives. Many diseases like typhoid, amoebiasis, cholera, leprosy and polio also affected Dharavi to a great extent.
During the year 1986, cholera blasted out in Dharavi affecting mostly the children, the death rate was just shattering the roof and the patients who were coming in the hospitals were in critical conditions.
In 2005, a flood came in Dharavi destroying many lives and properties and in 2013 a fire annihilated many slum properties and lives. These are the common sufferings of the people of Dharavi. The first Covid-19 case was reported in April 2020.
There are many other problems that the people of Dharavi suffer from like overcrowded spaces, not proper sanitation, toilets in very bad conditions, unemployment, hunger, crime and many more things.
From my point of view, the people that are living here are in horrible conditions they are suffering so many things and diseases, lack of necessities. They didn’t get even clean water.
Industries in Dharavi:
Dharavi is not only a slum but a very popular place for small scale industries and the annual turnover is around $1 billion. Dharavi currently contains 5000 business entities and 15000 single room home factories for production.
There are 30000 rag pickers in Dharavi, these rag pickers are on the hunt for recyclable products because Dharavi plays an important role in managing Mumbai’s solid waste and it is also a big recycling Industry.
The most important and biggest industry of Dharavi is the Leather industry, there are huge profits in this industry. The leathers are made up of goat, buffalo skin.
Recycling Industry is also one of the most important industries in Dharavi, firstly plastic products is taken from rag pickers and then they are crushed in a crushing machine and then they are converted into small plastic chips.
Then they are washed and then they melt it and convert them into other products.
The next is the pottery making industry, this business is mainly run by families in Dharavi and their selling mostly occur in Diwali but due to covid, they are suffering huge losses.
Why Dharavi is not developing?
Dharavi is a very popular place and it is featured in too many places as a slum from India to all over the world but the main question arises despite they are getting so much attention and media coverage why this place is not developing.
There are many plans and many companies came forward to help but they failed. Many experts and people told that the government failed to engage with the people for whom the project has been given.
The Dharavi redevelopment is estimated to cost Rs 28,500 crores and it was given to STC a firm based in the United Arab Emirates but the government cancelled it and the company is seeking damages of Rs 10000 crores from the Maharashtra Government
Now the people of Dharavi are protesting to do the bidding one more time.